Final Papers / Class 3 December

Thanks to everyone who presented on Monday. The panels were well run and generated interesting questions for all of us. Today we’ll hear from the other half of you. And do remember that you must attend both classes to get full credit for the panel portion of your grade.

To Do:

Submit your final papers to me via email (danmorse@udel.edu) on Monday, 8 December. When you do so please highlight everything that’s new (any parts that weren’t in your first draft). Also, send a paragraph in the body of your email describing the pattern of (and idea behind) the various changes you’ve made. In other words, show how you worked on your thesis, rethought your argument, reworked your use of sources, etc. Do not tell me that you changed one word on the third page or that your first draft was so good that you didn’t need to change much. Remember the distinction between editing and revision. I need to see the big picture of how you revised your paper, not the fine-grained details of punctuation and spelling.

Remember the spirit of the course, which is to learn about writing as a process. This is not the time to make a calculation of how many words you need to change to earn grade X. You should make every conceivable revision you can think of. And you should CERTAINLY, AT THE LEAST make every revision I suggested. To not do so is to sacrifice points.

Finally, one of the first things I’ll look for is a clear, interesting thesis at the end of the first paragraph—make sure it’s there! Next, make sure it explains why looking at your topic helps us better understand globalization. It’s not enough for your topic to be an example of globalization. Explain why your example is a crucial one for scholars of globalization.

Panels / Class Monday, 24 November

Hi all,

Today in class you’ll be getting into your panels and planning your group handout as well as your procedure for next Monday and Wednesday. If you are not in class today, it’s up to you to get in touch with your panel-mates to organize things. For more information on the panels, see Writing.

Here are the panels:

The Global Village Revisited: Film, Internet, and Crime (Monday)

Anthony C–Teenagers and Their Online Interactions

Connor M–how the Internet is affecting the suicide rate of people

Nicole S—The Internet and its Impact on the World

Jordan W— Film, Globalization and Modernity: Unity and Disunity

Matt L— The Implications of Modern Communication Technologies

Testing the Gaia Hypothesis: Feminism and “the Globe” in Globalization (Monday)

Anna K–The Price Tag of Agricultural Progress

Brian S–The Changing Human Perspective of the Solar System

Tori—The Globalization of GMOs

Eryka B–Globalization and Women’s Rights

Jackie V— Women’s Rights in Saudi Arabia: Tradition vs. Globalization

“Around the Corner from Anywhere:” Coke and the Globalization of Sport (Wednesday)

Shilpa D— How Soccer Became A Worldwide Phenomenon

Hannah G–Globalization: The NBA’s Persistent Yet Precarious Pursuit to Spread the Good            News of Basketball In The Modern World

Haylee H–How Ice Hockey Went Global

Kyla C— “It’s The Real Thing” — Coke

Global Culture: From the Classroom to the Street (Wednesday)

Sam O–How the Man Behind the Can Continues to Teach the World

Francesca S–McDonald’s and Sushi: The Unusual Pairing

Gianna S–Globalization of Education

Rachel H— Global Studies

Megan H— The Globalization of Luxury Fashion in Asia

Workshopping Day 2

In-class: Workshop in groups

Reminders: Address how the writer can bring out their thesis / argument; be on the lookout for “a string of quotes;” are sources introduced?; Are there opportunities to switch to active voice?

To do: Plan of work due on Wed 11/19 by noon to danmorse@udel.edu

One war or One world? Or both?

The article “Jihad vs. McWorld” by Benjamin R. Barber outlines two conflicting themes that have been prevalent in globalization of the world. One involves unifying the world economic systems to form a “World Capitalist Economy” while the other focuses on cultural divides that increase along with the ever increasing nation to nation communication and interdependence. The McWorld represents a unified market system that is run mainly by highly competitive and influential companies. This would in turn take down national boundaries and focus more on the development of the world as a whole. Jihad argues that this cannot happen without certain cultural differences conflicting and leading to war and bloodshed. Jihad factors in humanity and the inevitability of the power-struggle and protection of national identity.

In chapter two of The Consequences of Modernity, Anthony Giddens refers to the work of Immanuel Wallerstein to describe how nation-states are becoming increasingly dependent on each other as globalization escalates. He then continues to say that because of this interdependence, there is a joint movement towards “One World.” This reflect Jihad’s opinions of this world-system theory because, although on paper it may seem realistic, cultural divides and economic and military competition can never completely be obsolete. In addition to those conflicts, combining nation-states would indefinitely lead to loss of certain freedoms. Giddens outlines the results of this in saying, “Loss of autonomy on the part of some states or groups of states has often gone along with an increase in that of others, as a result of alliances, wars, or political and economic changes of various sorts”(67).  In short, Giddens is saying that achieving an equilibrium between competing nation-states is nearly impossible and almost never results in peaceful engagements, which is basically an outline of the ideals that “Jihad vs. McWorld” convey.

-™

Workshop Groups

Hi all,

Below please find your group assignments for our workshop sessions on Wednesday and next Monday. Please review the procedures detailed on the Writing page. For Wednesday, please read and respond to the first two papers in the list, and for Monday please read the next two papers. The papers are available on Sakai under Resources and then “First Drafts” and then in folders by group name.

To get credit for doing the homework, please email me the .doc or .docx files (with your comments) for each day BEFORE coming to class. Please label them as follows: Authorlastname_DraftOne_Yourlastname_Comments

Finally, don’t forget to bring a printed copy to class to write on and then hand to your classmate.

Group A

Bradley

Campanella

Cerce

Clark

Group B

Devarakonda

Gladnick

Heffernan

Hidalgo

Group C

Hofer

Kowalczyk

Lawton

McMachan

Group D

Mullen

ODonnell

Sanguedolce

Scimeca

Group E

Speranza

Stapleton

Valladares

Weisberger

Saudi Arabian Religious Movement and Reflexivity

In the book, A Most Masculine State: Gender Politics and Religion in Saudi Arabia a Cambridge University Press book written by Madawi Al-Rasheed, I chose to focus on chapter one, “From Religious Revival to Religious Nationalism.” In this chapter Rasheed discusses the expansion of religious beliefs into the laws of Saudi Arabia and how it began with a religious nationalist movement led by Wahhabiyya. With this religious movement Wahhabiyya planned to “create a moral community under the authority of a political centre (Rasheed, 43),” but over time this movement caused women to be excluded from many parts of society. Overall, this chapter addresses the history of how Saudi Arabia became such religious nation and how throughout the process of history it began to have negative impacts of the women of the society.

In the chapter, “From Religious Revival to Religious Nationalism,” the topics addressed can be related to reflexivity as discussed by Anthony Giddens in The Consequences of Modernity. As Giddens stated, “the reflexivity of modern social life consists in the fact that social practices are constantly examined and reformed in the light of incoming information about those very practices, thus constitutively altering their character (Giddens, 38),” which can relate to the religious movement that was discussed by Rasheed. When members of a society are not content, there is change, which in this case, occurred in the form of a movement. This religious movement in Saudi Arabia’s history supports what Giddens states about reflexivity and how it occurs in society.

From another point of view, the injustices women faced in the time of the movement are still faced by women in Saudi Arabia today, some negatively view the injustices but most do not, so there has been no change. Giddens discusses how reflexivity relates to tradition in the manner that tradition changes due to the changes in society and how behaviors are perceived. The behavior of treating women in the way they are treated is not negatively perceived by most, so the behavior is not changed. Although this behavior in Saudi Arabia today is viewed negatively both by other countries and by women in the society, there is not a change in that tradition because the majority is content. Thus, this also supports Giddens.

As I look deeper into different topics, I find that many connections can be made to the material covered by Giddens. The topic of globalization is much more apparent in the world then I believed, such as the relationship of reflexivity to movements in society and women’s rights.

-Jackie

7 Billion People, One World

In the chapter “McDonald’s in Hong Kong: Consumerism, Dietary Change, and the Rise of a Children’s Culture,” from the book Golden Arches East published by Stanford University Press, James L. Watson emphasizes the impact McDonald’s restaurants have on the youth of Hong Kong and how that impact on the children is effecting the long-standing culture of Hong Kong and China in general.  He goes in depth about how transnational culture is becoming the new normal when it comes to culture in Hong Kong all because, “The people of Hong Kong have embraced American-style fast foods, and by doing so they might appear to be in the vanguard of a worldwide culinary revolution” (Watson 79).  Not only did McDonald’s become the most popular birthday party place in Hong Kong, but “McDonald’s became the ‘in’ place for young people wishing to associate themselves with the laid-back, nonhierarchical dynamism they perceived American society to embody” (Watson 86).  McDonald’s has transformed from one restaurant in the United States, to thousands of locations around the world.

A postmodern and transnational culture is developing in Hong Kong, which means that cultures from other countries are migrating into Hong Kong, especially America’s.  Giddens states that a postmodern era is one that is defined by society not being able to pinpoint itself in history.  Hong Kong either exhibits their traditional culture or a transnational culture and the fact that there is no way of completely defining which one they really show, is what makes them display hints of postmodernism. There is no defined line between local Chinese culture and transnational Chinese culture just like there is no defined line between the modern era and the post-modern era.  Giddens also states that at the rate globalization is increasing, we are heading toward “one-world.”  By Hong Kong’s population easily and rapidly adapting to this American lifestyle, which is eating at McDonald’s restaurants, who knows what other ways of life could catch on as smoothly as this one did?  Not to mention, Hong Kong is just one city in one country.  McDonald’s has locations in 118 countries around the world.  Theorists do say that soon we will all evolve to have the same skin color; shouldn’t they say the same thing about culture?  The only reason why society is not farther along in this process is because of war.  War breaks countries’ ties with one another and different cultures are not as easily adapted.  However, society is heading towards “one-world,” like Giddens states, and the chapter written by Watson just reinforces this point.

-FS

Capitalization of Coca Cola

In the book God’s Capitlaist, Asa Candler of Coca Cola, a Mercer University Press book by Kathryn W. Kemp each chapter highlights a different personal characteristic about the founder of the Coca-Cola Company, Asa Candler. Chapter four, titled Capitalist, recognizes Asa Candler, as a brilliant innovative businessman. Candlers expansion of interests from the manufacturing of Coca-Cola into real estate development and banking continued a lifelong pattern of success. He is depicted as a poor boy that did well through honest ways.

In the book The Consequences of Modernity by Anthony Giddens, he discusses capitalism and the world capitalist economy in Chapter 2. “Capitalism is a system of commodity production, centered upon the relation between private ownership of capital and property less wage labour, this relation forming the main axis of a class system. Capitalist enterprise depends upon production for competitive markets, prices being signals for investors, producers and consumers alike” (Giddens 55). Asa Candler and the Coca-Cola Company are a true example of how a capitalist economy worked in their favor to produce a multi-billion dollar corporation. The Coca-Cola Company began as a private family business, where Asa employed both his sons. By using sophisticated advertising strategies, handling the competition wisely, and maintaining a keen price point, Asa Chandler became a successful capitalist. Giddens states “Capitalism has been such a fundamental globalizing influence”(Giddens 69). My essay focuses on the globalization of the Coca Cola Company. As Giddens states, one of the dimensions of globalization is capitalism. Asa Candler was by definition a capitalist who was the key force behind the globalization of Coca Cola. Therefore this book was influential in relating why capitalism is a key factor to globalization.

I find it fascinating, how in the United States we have the freedom to be as successful as we aspire to be. Asa Candler is just one success story out of so many people that were able to take a simple concept (in the case of coke it was a recipe) and make it into a very profitable industry. Others include Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft, and Steven Jobs, founder of Apple. With capitalism, anything is possible.

Studying Abroad and it’s Impact

In The First Time Effect by Joshua S. McKeown, Mckeown writes about the study abroad experience and the impact it has on these students. Over 200,000 students are choosing to study abroad each year. Studying abroad is an experience in which students travel to another country to engage in academics and cultural interaction. Studies have shown that studying abroad reaps many benefits and so it is strongly encouraged.

In recent years the value of studying abroad has been increasing. Over 200,000 students choose to study abroad each year, and the numbers continue to increase. Study abroad programs can take a variety of forms. For example, many universities offer the ability for students to study for shorter periods of time during winter or summer break. Students can also choose to study abroad for just a semester, or study abroad for up to an entire year. Typically, faculty members lead the shorter length programs. Once abroad, students engage in college study, cultural interaction, and more in the host country. This may include foreign language study, residing with a foreign host family, internships, and service. (McKeown 11)

Study abroad programs are highly encouraged for students in order to prepare them for the global economy and society they are about to enter and to help reinforce tolerance and cultural diversity. Particularly, “study abroad is an especially challenging and eye-opening experience that can expose U.S. students to how other societies and cultures are organized and how they function” (McKeown 33).

While most of the focus on study abroad is focused on the expectations and outcomes of the program, participating in a program to this extent calls for a great deal of trust. Giddens talks a great deal about trust and disembedding mechanisms in “The Consequences of Modernity.” Gidden says that we can board a plane and be fairly certain that a predetermined amount of hours later, we will safely land in our desired destination. This is because abstract systems have provided us with a sense of security in our lives. A large amount of outside knowledge is required in order to get on the plane, and this knowledge comes from expert systems. Expert systems are one type of disembedding mechanisms. By expert systems, Gidden means “systems of technological accomplishment or professional expertise that organise large areas of the material and social environments in which we live today” (Giddens 27). Universities and their education systems are examples of expert systems, which brings up the notion of trust in studying abroad.

When you choose to study abroad, you are choosing to uproot your life and education for, let’s say, a semester. For that semester, you trust that the education you receive while there will be just as good as the education you would have received if you had not chosen to travel abroad. You also have confidence that you will gain even more, by developing cultural awareness and growing academically and personally while there. You expect to have an experience that makes your time abroad worthwhile, and you trust that the university has set up a plan to help accomplish this. In most cases, universities do accomplish this.

Trust in the Movies

In Migrating to the Movies: Cinema and Black Urban Modernity, a book published by the University of California, author Jacqueline Najuma Stewart discusses the rise of cinema in the duration of the turn of the last century and how it related to the migration and integration of African Americans into urban life. Najuma Stewart, in her book, discusses how the portrayal of African Americans within movies took effect on their ease of becoming respectable American citizens. African Americans were at first portrayed in movies as laughable and comedic; with the way they were viewed in movies, they were mentally and economically inferior. As this book continues, Najuma Stewart progresses to show how, with sympathetic whites, African Americans developed more respectable characters in the film world, making it easier for them to create better lives for themselves in the outside world.

In respect to Anthony Giddens’ book, The Consequences of Modernity, a relation can be found where Giddens discusses the correlation between trust and personal identity in a modernizing world. Giddens begins by saying that “with the development of abstract systems, trust in impersonal principles, as well as in anonymous others, becomes indispensable to social existence” (Giddens 120). In this circumstance, the abstract system would be the movie of film being made. The trust comes into play as the people who watch the movie become overly reliant in what they are watching and end up believing that to be the reality, rather than what is actually going on the world. Instead of just seeing a film as a fictional world, viewers will trust in some elements of that fiction to be that of the actual reality.

Other than this circumstance, there is also a major trust in the film industry when it comes to cultural norms and the opinions of society when it comes to personal image. In movies and the media, there are many actors and actresses which make society believe that that is the way that they should look. For example, women come on screen with full on make-up and wearing incredibly small dresses. Girls begin to trust the media in the way that they believe that this is the way they also must look. For guys, the male image has become believing that one should be built and strong. This trust in the media can give highly impressionable teenagers beliefs that they are flawed in their image, leading to low self-esteem issues, and in some cases, eating disorders. There are ways that people put way too much trust in these abstract systems that are really only leading towards negative outcomes.